Bhubaneswar: Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme on January 22, 2015 at Panipat in Haryana. Seeing the good progress and improving trend of Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) in 161 implementing districts, the Prime Minister launched the All India Expansion of BBBP covering all 640 districts (as per Census 2011) at Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan on March 8, 2018.
Out of 640 districts, 405 districts are covered under advocacy and multi-sectoral action while the remaining 235 districts are covered under media advocacy and outreach. It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health and Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
BBBP Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme with 100 per cent financial assistance for District level component and the fund are directly released to the DC/DM’s account for smooth operation of the Scheme. It is a comprehensive programme to address the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of women over a life-cycle continuum. The CSR, defined as number of girls per 1000 boys in the age group of 0-6 years. The specific objectives of the scheme include preventing gender biased sex selective elimination; ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
At the Central level, the Ministry of Women and Child Development is the nodal ministry for the programme and National Task Force headed by Secretary, MWCD with the representation of Partner Ministry and other nominated members.
At the State level, Chief Secretaries heads the State Task Force (STF) with representation of Department of WCD, Health and Education to monitor the implementation of the scheme. The District Collectors/Deputy Commissioners (DCs) lead and coordinate action of all departments for implementation of BBBP at the District level.
The improving trend in Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) by nine points has been seen at all India level from 918 in 2014-15 financial year to 927 in 2017-18 (up to January, 2018) in as per HMIS report received from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.