“Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer seen in women both in the developed and less developed world.

According to a World Health Organisation (WHO) report, around 508 000 women died due to breast cancer in 2011

Reportedly, breast cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality in women, especially in developing countries as most cases are detected in the later stages.

Some of the common risks factors would certainly include family history, gene mutations like BRCA1, BRCA2 and p53, early menarche, late menopause, first child at a late age or no childbearing, obesity among others.

What’s frightening is that no concrete reason has been found for it to occur. Even if no one in your family had breast cancer, it doesn’t mean that you would never be affected by it.

There are various symptoms and things you need to know so as to keep yourself informed before it touches you or your near and dear ones.

  • Breast cancer is a disease of malfunctioning genes, that is, the cells inside our body tend to become cancerous because of flaw in their genes. If you feel anything solid and unmovable lump, then it is a thing of concern. Immediately consult a doctor before it becomes big.
  • If there is continuous itching, swelling and nipple discharge. Any unusual change in your breasts can turn out to be a symptom. If the problem persists even after a couple of weeks or so, it is best to visit the doctor.
  • If you are into alcohol, limit your intake and heavy intoxication can boost breast cancer.
  • Exercise or staying fit is a great way to lower the risk of breast cancer. Running and bicycling decreases its risk among young women.
  • Lastly, it is perceived that only women can have breast cancer.  However men can have it too. Although, it majorly occurs in females, but if it exists in the family history or genes, then men should be cautious too.